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How to replay from a snapshot

Once you have obtained a copy of a valid snapshot file from which you wish to create a valid chain state, copy it to your data/snapshots directory, backing up (if you wish to keep them) and removing any existing contents of the data directory.

location name action
data/snapshots .bin place the snapshot file you want to replay here
data/ * remove

You can use snapshots-dir = "snapshots" in the configuration file or using the --snapshots-dir command line option, to specify the where to find the the snapshot to replay, use --snapshot to specify the name of the snapshot to replay.

nodeos --snapshot yoursnapshot.name \
  -e -p eosio \
  --plugin eosio::producer_plugin  \
  --plugin eosio::chain_api_plugin \
  --plugin eosio::http_plugin      \
  >> nodeos.log 2>&1 &

When replaying from a snapshot file it is recommended that all existing data is removed, however if a blocks.log file is provided it must at least contain blocks up to the snapshotted block and may contain additional blocks that will be applied as part of startup. If a blocks.log file exists, but does not contain blocks up to and/or after the snapshotted block then replaying from a snapshot will create an exception. Any available reversible blocks will also be applied.

blocks.log snapshot action
no blocks.log for irreversible block 2000 ok
contains blocks 1 - 1999 for irreversible block 2000 exception
contains blocks 1 - 2001 for irreversible block 2000 ok - will recreate from snapshot and 'play' block 2001

When instantiating a node from a snapshot file, it is illegal to pass in the --genesis-json or --genesis-timestamp arguments to nodeos as that information is loaded from the snapshot file. If a blocks.log file exists, the genesis information it contains will be validated against the genesis data in the snapshot. The replay will fail with an error if the genesis data is not consistent, i.e. it checks that the blocks.log file and the snapshot file are for the same blockchain.